Forestry Machinery and equipment

Forestry Machinery and equipmentForestry refers to the branch of agriculture that plants, manages and cares for forests. It deals with the growing of different kinds of woods and trees until they mature to be felled. Just like in other industries and branches of agriculture, different kinds of machines are used today in forestry. Forestry machinery refers to the machines that are used to excavate, harvest and up stumps remaining rooted in ground after the trees have been felled.

Different types of machines are required to handle different stages of forestry. Saws which are used to fell trees come under excavating machines while bunters, harvesters and loaders are grouped under harvesting machines. Finishing machines are those machines that are used for clearing and preparing of forest for planting and replanting of trees. A typical example of a harvesting machine is a bulldozer.

These forestry machines were not just developed in a day. Instead, they gradually evolved over the centuries with each being introduced in different years. There have also been lots of improvements on the prototype of each of the machines. New features and functions are being introduced on any latest model of any of these machines. This explains why certain forestry activities that were manually done before are now performed with machines. In fact, virtually, all steps or activities involved in forestry are being performed with machines today. Below are some of the forestry machines that you should know.

Excavators

As mentioned above, excavators are machines used to clear forest and remove sand from a site in order to prepare the soil for planting of trees or replanting. Excavation machines are available in various types but basically, they are composed of various chainsaws. Excavators feature motor powering saws. They also have extended logging tools. With these two basic features of excavation machines, operators are able to clear portion of land cutting down trees in them safely and quickly.

Excavators may have some attachments for performing other forestry operations. One of such forestry machines is the delimiter. The branches of the felled trees are cut or removed with this attachment which is usually mounted on hydraulic excavators. Delimbers are available in a number of types which include gate, chain flail, pull-through, slide boom and stroke delimiters. A warpath as well as a disk saw felling head can also be attached to excavators to make felling of trees easier and faster. These two attachments feature powerful saw blades. The logging professionals piloting the excavator such as buncher control these saw blades. With these two attachments, the time spent in cutting is greatly reduced. They also make cutting safer as the logger is not directly next to the trees during felling.

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Harvesters

The use of the excavators ends with the clearing of the forest and felling of trees. The harvesters are now used when the trees are felled down. They are used to pull the felled trees up and then remove them from the forest. As with excavators, there are different kinds of harvesters. One of the types of a harvester is a feller buncher. This machine which comes with attachment is a motorized vehicle which prior to felling trees is able to gather and cut them. It features a heavy base which comes with a device that is able to grab trees. This device is furnished with a shear or circular saw. When the machine cuts and gathers trees, it will put the cut trees on a stack.

HarvestersForwarders are also examples of harvesters. The felled trees are loaded on the forwarders for conveying them to the roadside. Forwarders are motorized and it looks like a vehicle. It is mainly used for hauling the cut trees from the stump to the roadside landing. Another example of a forestry machine used for harvesting of trees is the skitter.

It is also used in bringing out the felled trees from the forest. But unlike the forwarder, it uses a process called skidding to achieve the same result. Skidders are of various types. The clam-bunk skitter is an example of a skitter which holds loads of felled trees with a top-opening hydraulic jaws. Another example of skitter is a cable skidder. The felled trees are attached to the cable when it is reeled out and then with the winch the load is pulled toward the skitter.

There is also the grapple skitters. There are some skitters that do not come with a winch, instead they feature a hydraulic grapple bucket which is attached to the skitter. The timber is grabbed and lifted by this bucket.

Harvester come with boom arms as well as large clamps for lifting and securing one or more logs and convey them to where they will be processed further. There are some harvesters that have wheels or tank treads which provide strong traction with the ground making it possible for the machine to be driven in any type of terrain. The logs are put on log trucks which normally come with beds for securing the logs.

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Finishing forestry machinery

As mentioned above, finishing forestry machines refers to those forestry machines that are used to pull up strongly rooted stumps from the ground. When the trees are felled and removed, the stumps are left out. They are not easily removed. But with finishing forestry, the loggers are able to pull them out from the ground. Finishing machinery is available in a number of types. A bulldozer is a typical example of forestry machine belonging to this group. It features a large metal blade which is able to turn the soil over in order to pull up the stumps for the harvesters to remove them to the roadside landing. The removal of the stumps completes the harvesting process of trees. The land will be ready for construction or replanting. If you need to transport your forestry machinery our heavy haulage company will be interested to offer you our services.

The advantage use of forestry machinery

The importance of the use machinery in forestry cannot be overemphasized. In the past when every forestry activity was manually completed, forestry was a tedious activity. Loggers spent time and days try to cut and bring out the branches of felled trees to the roadside. Tree felling was not safe as it is today. But today, forestry is now lot easier, less risky and safer.  Loggers can fell many trees and bring them all out just within a day. In other words, these machines make tree felling more efficient, convenience and safer.